Dental plaque is also a almost invisible film of germs that collects on our teeth and gums particularly in the spaces between the teeth and along the gum line if the dental plaque is not removed regularly from tooth it can cause a tooth decay and dental cavities or periodontal problems dental plaque is a sticky soft an almost colourless coating of bacteria that builds up on the surface of their gums and teeth it may constituted of colonies of bacteria and other microorganisms mixed with the germs by-products saliva dead cells along with meals residuals dental plaque germs about 400 distinct species of bacteria get involved in the formation of dental plaque.
A number of different bacteria forms are available it is projected that dental plaque comprise one thousand ten bacteria per milligram in the first phase of dental plaque formation many of them are harmless bacteria naturally found in the most ordinary microbial flora when dental plaque is not removed with a proper oral hygiene the bacterial layer become thicker because of its makeup change bacterial strains related with inducing dental diseases begin to become stained and the possibility of tooth decay and gum disease increase.
The most usual classification of dental plaque is based upon the connection to gingival margin the point at which the crown of the tooth meets the gums super gingival shameful is most common kind of the dental plaque covering the visible part of the tooth and the gingival tissues Subgingival plaque is accumulated under the gums and will be the one most common inducing dental health issues. Dental plaque formation starts almost instantly after you brush your own teeth.
Some moments after cleaning teeth saliva delivered glycoprotein deposits begin to pay the tooth with what is preferred to as”pellicle” the formation of the pellicle is the very first step from the dental plaque formation that the pellicle is subsequently colonized by the positive bacteria like Streptococcus sanguis and Streptococcus mutans and then getting what’s called dental plaque bacterial cells interact with the pellicle elements allowing plaque to firmly adhere to the tooth surface after one to three times after the initial plaque formation.
The initial bacterial colonies start to multiply and extend new bacteria species begin to colonize the tooth These new species contain also gram-negative bacteria like Fusobacterium nucleatum, Prevotella intermedia Capnocytophaga Substances produced by the already gathered bacteria in reach the bacterial environment which makes it favorable for the growth of different species of bacteria one week following the initial plaque accumulation.
A new gram-negative species may be found like Porphyromonas gingivalis Campylobacter Eikenella corrodens, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and oral spirochetes whereas the dental plaque formation Continues gram-negative species become dominant over a gram positive species the overgrowth of a gram negative anaerobic bacteria is considered one of the main causative factors of gingivitis and periodontitis.
This simple fact increases the importance of regular dental plaque removal with the tooth-brushing before the gram negative anaerobic bacteria have the opportunity to raise and put your oral health at risk since the dental majors when it is not cleaned properly.
Other mental problems related to dental plaque comprise bad breath and oral thrush. The very best method to remove plaque from teeth and to control black build up are: brush completely at least twice per day with a fluoride toothpaste, use dental floss daily at least one time each day to get rid of a plaque from interproximal spaces and under the gum line where your toothbrush may not achieve.
Use black disclosing pills to check your teeth cleaning to ensure proper removal of plaque. Control your diet decrease the glucose uptake which helps the growth of plaque germs avoid sticky foods which are more difficult to clean. Ask your dentist or dental hygienist to check if you apply the appropriate plaque removal methods. Stop by your dentist every six months for cleaning.